VECTOR

The VECTOR is UAV Navigation's most advanced autopilot. Housed in a rugged, MIL SPEC aluminium casing, its key features are:
  • High-end ADHRS-INS core.
  • Dual 850MIPS CPUs (each with 256MB program flash)
  • FPGA
  • Extensive I/O capabilities 
  • Real Time Operating System (RTOS)
VECTOR is a robust and dependable unit, with built-in physical and logical redundancy; this allows it to survive all individual sensor failures while maintaining accurate estimates of attitude and position. For this reason VECTOR has rapidly become the autopilot of choice for high value fixed wingrotary wing and target UAVs.
 
VECTOR features an RTOS. In simple terms, the key advantage of an RTOS is its predictability and the fact that non-critical functions are never allowed to slow down more important tasks, such as flight control. This leads to a safer, more reliable system.
 
VECTOR can host UAV Navigation’s mission and flight control software or that of the customer, making it a superb avionics development platform. Its processor core is compatible with commercially available certified avionics operating systems.
 
A Software Development Kit (SDK) version is available for developers wanting to write their own code.
 
Like all UAV Navigation autopilots, VECTOR is capable of controlling fixed wing, helicopter and target drone platforms over a wide range of flight control tasks:
VECTOR can control a wide variety of advanced payloads:

The VECTOR's standard In/Out (I/O) configuration is as follows:

  • Serial Communications:
    • 1 x RS-232 System Serial Port.
    • 2 x RS-232 Payload Port.
    • 2 x RS-422 / RS-485 Payload Port.
    • 1 x RS-232 AHRS-INS COM.
  • 1 x Ethernet Port.
  • 2 x CAN BUS Port.
  • 8 x Voltage Sensing Channels (0 to 3.3 V. ADC inputs).
  • 24 x Configurable General Purpose I/O Lines (GPIO). Default configuration: 16 x PWM Channels, 4 x Discrete Outputs (0 to 3.3 V), 4 x Discrete Inputs (0 to 3.3 V).

FLIGHT CONTROL 

Fully automatic, multi-waypoint, 3D flight-plan following.

Axis

3 (roll, pitch, yaw)

Auto throttle

Yes

Auto takeoff/landing

Yes

PAYLOAD MANAGEMENT 

Gyro-stabilization

Yes

Flare/parachute

Auto or manual firing

I/O

Total I/O lines

62

Servo or General purpose I/O lines

24 (fully configurable), LVTTL: PWM, Discrete Input, Discrete Output, Pulse Counter (RPM), GPS PPS, Strobe Light Signal

PWM rate

50Hz, 200Hz or 400Hz

PWM signal

0.8ms to 2.2ms high, 1us steps

CAN 2.0 A and B

2 (up to 1Mbps)

Serial comm

  • 3 x RS-232 (up to 250kbps)
  • 2 x RS-422/485 (up to 1Mbps)

Ethernet

100 Base Tx Channel according to IEEE 802.3 standard

High-speed ADC lines

8 ADC inputs with 12 bit resolution and up to 1 MHz conversion rate. Conversion extends from 0V to 3.3V

REDUNDANCY AND SAFETY

Flight Control CPU

2

Online sensor diagnostics

Yes (Continuous Built-In Test, CBIT)

Sensor failure tolerance

All single, several multiple

Dual Power Supply

Yes

ELECTRICAL

Supply (unregulated)

9V to 36V DC

Power consumption

2.5 W

MECHANICAL / ENVIRONMENTAL

Enclosure Material

Grade 6082 Aluminium Alloy

IP Rating

Designed to conform with IP66 (explanation here)

Size (mm, H x W x L, box less connectors, width less mounting lugs)

45.0 x 68.0 x 74.5

Weight

180g

Humidity

Up to 90% RH, non-condensing

Temperature range

-40ºC to +85ºC

Altitude

Up to 30000 ft AMSL

System Connector #1

25-pin GLENAIR MWDM2L-37P-6E5-18

System Connector #2

37-pin GLENAIR MWDM2L-25P-6E5-18

GPS Antenna Connector

50 Ohm SMA Female

Pressure connectors diameter

3.0 mm

Shock survival

500g 8ms 1/2 sine

Mounting screws

4 x M4

ESD compliant

IEC 61.000-4-2-level 4

  • AHRS-INS (ADS, IMU, GPS) Information:

REDUNDANCY AND SAFETY

Online sensor diagnostics

Yes

Sensor failure tolerance

All single, several multiple

GNSS

Current GNSS system

  • GPS L1C/A
  • SBAS L1C/A

Multi-constellation capability available from early 2017

  • 72-channel receiver
  • GPS L1C/A
  • SBAS L1C/A
  • QZSS L1C/A
  • GLONASS L10F
  • BeiDou B1
  • Galileo E1B/C

Antenna

Active (for best performance) or passive

Antenna Connector (boxed version)

50 Ohm SMA Female

Antenna power supply

3.3V

Sensitivity

-167 dBm

Time to First Fix

  • Cold Start: 26s
  • Hot Start: 1s

Navigation Update Rate

  • Single GNSS: up to 10 Hz
  • Concurrent GNSS: up to 5 Hz

Velocity Accuracy

0.05 m/s

Heading Accuracy

0.3 degrees

Horizontal Position Accuracy

2 m

Accuracy of Time Pulse Signal (RMS)

30 ns

Frequency of Time Pulse Signal

PPS signal can be configured by the user (default: 1 pps)

Operational Limits of GNSS

  • Dynamics: 4 g
  • Altitude: 50,000 m
  • Velocity: 500 m/s

AIR DATA SYSTEM (ADS)

Airspeed Ranges

  • X (Extra Low Speed) : 15-80 kts.
  • L (Low Speed): 20-250 kts.
  • N (Normal Speed): 35-250 kts.
  • H (High Speed): 45-450 kts.

Altimeter

-2.000 ft to 30.000 ft AMSL

Altimeter Accuracy

50 ft

Altimeter Resolution

0.5 ft

IMU (INERTIAL MEASUREMENT UNIT)

Sampling rate

1 kHz

ACCELEROMETERS

Accelerometers range

+/-16 g (all axis)

3dB Bandwidth

400 Hz

Noise

0.52 mg/√Hz

RATE GYRO RANGE

Gyro range

2000º/s (all axis)

3dB Bandwidth

77 Hz

Noise

0.015 °/s /√Hz

MAGNETOMETER

Internal Magnetometer

3 axis (possibility to connect external magnetometer, e.g. MG01)

Magnetometer attitude compensation

Yes

Full scale range

+/- 1000 uT

Sensibility

0.10 uT

Maximum applied magnetic/field

100,000 uT

AHRS/INS DYNAMIC ACCURACY*

Roll, pitch, yaw range

Continuous unrestricted

Pitch & Roll error *

< 0.5º

Heading error

< 1º

Position

2m CEP with GPS and WAAS/EGNOS available

Drift 

<50 m/min (continuous, not first minute only)

*  1σ precision in single cylinder piston powered UAV standard flight, with full sensor suite operational. Values are valid for internal and external magnetometer operation.

 

VECTOR Breakout Board
 
The VECTOR Breakout Board is a quick and easy way to connect the VECTOR to a PC in order to access all the connection capabilities of the VECTOR.

 

VECTOR Installation Kit
The VECTOR Installation Kit (INSKIT) includes the ancilleries required to install and connect it to the UAV's onboard avionics:
  • SMA Female to Female Bulkhead Connector.
  • 37-Pin Connector Female (model: GLENAIR MWDM2L-37S-6E5-18).
  • 25-Pin Connector Female (model: GLENAIR MWDM2L-25S-6E5-18).

 

 
 

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