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The VECTOR is UAV Navigation's most advanced autopilot. VECTOR is a robust and dependable unit, with built-in physical and logical redundancy; this allows it to survive all individual sensor failures while maintaining accurate estimates of attitude and position. For this reason VECTOR has rapidly become the autopilot of choice for high value fixed wing, rotary wing and target UAVs.

Multi-platform Compatibility

UAV Navigation autopilots can be used for many different platform types; the same hardware is used but with different software.

Extensive I/O Capabilities

Make the most of the VECTOR's connectivity. VECTOR can control a wide variety of advanced payloads.

Easily Configurable

Software tools provided by UAV Navigation allow a fast and simple autopilot configuration.

Custom Solutions

VECTOR's cutting-edge capabilities allows the development of custom solutions or special and advanced projects.

Certified Hardware

VECTOR's hardware is certified to MIL-STD-810F, MIL-STD 461F and ISO 9001:2015 standards.

Real Time Operating System (RTOS)

VECTOR's RTOS leads to a safer, more reliable system due to its predictability. Critical functions such us flight control tasks are prioritized to ensure flight safety.

The VECTOR is UAV Navigation's most advanced autopilot. Housed in a rugged, MIL SPEC aluminium casing, its key features are:
  • High-end ADHRS-INS core.
  • Dual 850MIPS CPUs (each with 256MB program flash).
  • FPGA.
  • Extensive I/O capabilities .
  • Real Time Operating System (RTOS).

VECTOR is a robust and dependable unit, with built-in physical and logical redundancy; this allows it to survive all individual sensor failures while maintaining accurate estimates of attitude and position. For this reason VECTOR has rapidly become the autopilot of choice for high value fixed wingrotary wing and target UAVs.

VECTOR features an RTOS. In essence, the key advantage of an RTOS is its predictability and the fact that non-critical functions are never allowed to slow down more important tasks, such as flight control. This leads to a safer, more reliable system.

VECTOR can host UAV Navigation’s mission and flight control software or that of the customer, making it a superb avionics development platform. Its processor core is compatible with commercially available certified avionics operating systems.

A Software Development Kit (SDK) version is available for developers wanting to write their own code.

vector autopilot

Like all UAV Navigation autopilots, VECTOR is capable of controlling fixed winghelicopter and target drone platforms over a wide range of flight control tasks:

  • Auto flight plan execution (waypoints).
  • Gimbal/Camera control modes: air, ground, geo, pilot view, stow & rate.
  • 3D Digital Elevation Model (DEM) for flight control and camera pointing.
  • Multiple datalink management.
  • Flight Modes:


Brief Description
Pitch, Roll and Yaw are directly commanded in servo position without any closed control loop.
The autopilot will execute the take off maneouver to make the platform go from the ground to flying in the air.
AUTO mode executes the programmed Flight Plan (FP) based on waypoints. 
The autopilot flies to the specified coordinates, maintaining current altitude and airspeed.
For Fixed Wing Platforms only.The autopilot will follow a circular pattern around the location where LOITER mode is engaged.
For Rotary Wing Platforms only. The autopilot will maintain position, heading and altitude once HOVER mode is engaged and the platform is stopped.
EMERGENCY For Rotary Wing Platforms only. EMERGENCY mode may not be commanded directly by the operator and is the result of a failure in Magnetometer and/or GPS while being in any other operation mode.
The autopilot will command the aircraft to fly to a previously set Safety Altitude. Once achieved, it will automatically switch to LAND mode.
The autopilot maintains current IAS, altitude and heading.
The autopilot will execute the land maneouver to make the platform go from the air to the previously set landing site.
The autopilot maintains pitch and roll at 0 degrees.

 The VECTOR's standard In/Out (I/O) configuration is as follows:

  • Serial Communications:
    • 1 x RS-232 System Serial Port.
    • 2 x RS-232 Payload Port.
    • 2 x RS-422 / RS-485 Payload Port.
    • 1 x RS-232 AHRS-INS COM.
  • 1 x Ethernet Port.
  • 2 x CAN BUS Port.
  • 8 x Voltage Sensing Channels (0 to 3.3 V. ADC inputs).
  • 24 x Configurable General Purpose I/O Lines (GPIO). Default configuration: 16 x PWM Channels, 4 x Discrete Outputs (0 to 3.3 V), 4 x Discrete Inputs (0 to 3.3 V).

VECTOR can control a wide variety of advanced payloads:

Fully automatic, multi-waypoint, 3D flight-plan following.
3 (roll, pitch, yaw)
Auto throttle
Auto takeoff/landing
Auto or manual firing
Total I/O lines
Servo or General purpose I/O lines
24 (fully configurable), LVTTL: PWM, Discrete Input, Discrete Output, Pulse Counter (RPM), GPS PPS, Strobe Light Signal
PWM rate
50Hz, 200Hz or 400Hz
PWM signal
0.8ms to 2.2ms high, 1us steps
CAN 2.0 A and B
2 (up to 1Mbps)
Serial comm
  • 3 x RS-232 (up to 250kbps)
  • 2 x RS-422/485 (up to 1Mbps)
100 Base Tx Channel according to IEEE 802.3 standard
High-speed ADC lines
8 ADC inputs with 12 bit resolution and up to 1 MHz conversion rate. Conversion extends from 0V to 3.3V
Flight Control CPU
Online sensor diagnostics
Yes (Continuous Built-In Test, CBIT)
Sensor failure tolerance
All single, several multiple
Dual Power Supply
Supply (unregulated)
9V to 36V DC
Power consumption
2.5 W
Enclosure Material
Grade 6082 Aluminium Alloy
IP Rating
Designed to conform with IP66 (explanation here)
Environmental Qualification
EMI Qualification
Size (mm, H x W x L, box less connectors, width less mounting lugs)
45.0 x 68.0 x 74.5
Up to 90% RH, non-condensing
Temperature range
-40ºC to +85ºC
Up to 30000 ft AMSL
System Connector #1
25-pin GLENAIR MWDM2L-37P-6E5-18
System Connector #2
37-pin GLENAIR MWDM2L-25P-6E5-18
GPS Antenna Connector
50 Ohm SMA Female
Pressure connectors diameter
3.0 mm
Shock survival
500g 8ms 1/2 sine
Mounting screws
4 x M4
ESD compliant
IEC 61.000-4-2-level 4
  • AHRS-INS (ADS, IMU, GPS) Information:
Online sensor diagnostics
Sensor failure tolerance
All single, several multiple
Multi-constellation GNSS capability
  • 72-channel receiver
  • GPS L1C/A
  • SBAS L1C/A
  • QZSS L1C/A
  • BeiDou B1I
  • Galileo E1B/C
Active (for best performance) or passive
Antenna Connector (boxed version)
50 Ohm SMA Female
Antenna power supply
-167 dBm
Time to First Fix
  • Cold Start: 26s
  • Hot Start: 1s
Navigation Update Rate
  • Single GNSS: up to 10 Hz
  • Concurrent GNSS: up to 5 Hz
Velocity Accuracy
0.05 m/s
Heading Accuracy
0.3 degrees
Horizontal Position Accuracy
2 m
Accuracy of Time Pulse Signal (RMS)
30 ns
Frequency of Time Pulse Signal
PPS signal can be configured by the user (default: 1 pps)
Operational Limits of GNSS
  • Dynamics: 4 g
  • Altitude: 50,000 m
  • Velocity: 500 m/s
Airspeed Ranges
15-220 kt
(High speed version is also available: 43-450 kt)
-3.000 ft to +30.000 ft AMSL
Altimeter Accuracy
50 ft
Altimeter Resolution
0.5 ft
Sampling rate
1 kHz
Accelerometers range
+/-8 g (all axis), +/-15 g under request
3dB Bandwidth
400 Hz
0.52 mg/√Hz
Gyro range
300º/s (all axis)
3dB Bandwidth
77 Hz
0.015 °/s /√Hz
Internal Magnetometer
3 axis (possibility to connect external magnetometer, e.g. MG01)
Magnetometer attitude compensation
Full scale range
+/- 1000 uT
0.10 uT
Maximum applied magnetic/field
100,000 uT
Roll, pitch, yaw range
Continuous unrestricted
Pitch & Roll error *
< 0.5º
Heading error
< 1º
3m CEP with GPS and WAAS/EGNOS available
<50 m/min (continuous, not first minute only)
*  1σ precision in single cylinder piston powered UAV standard flight, with full sensor suite operational. Values are valid for internal and external magnetometer operation.


VECTOR Break Out Board


The VECTOR Break Out Board is a quick and easy way to connect the VECTOR to a PC in order to access all the connection capabilities of the VECTOR.


VECTOR Installation Kit


The VECTOR Installation Kit (INSKIT) includes the ancilleries required to install and connect it to the UAV's onboard avionics:
  • GNSS Antenna (Tallysman 33-2410-00-5000).
  • 37-Pin Connector Female (model: GLENAIR MWDM2L-37S-6E5-18).
  • 25-Pin Connector Female (model: GLENAIR MWDM2L-25S-6E5-18).




The VECTOR SDK allows customers to develop their own flight stabilization and control laws, via an Application Programming Interface (API), taking advantage of VECTOR’s hardware. The VECTOR SDK complements the standard autopilot documentation and software.
The VECTOR is compatible with multiple peripherals, including a wide range of sensors, radio-links, servos, transponders and other payloads etc. By using the VECTOR SDK, developers can combine all of the resources available to implement their custom autopilot solution.
When using the SDK to implement a custom Flight Control System (FCS), the customer is free to use UAVN's own ICD.

Key features:

  • Create your own Flight Control Laws. With VECTOR SDK, it is possible to implement your own flight modes and special functions.
  • Work with the raw data provided by the in-house ADAHRS and GNSS, or use our optimized state estimation for attitude stabilization, guidance and navigation. A quaternion-based solution that avoids the gimbal-lock problems found in traditional systems. Make the most of our tested and optimized estimator to implement your own Flight Control Laws. 
  • Use the tested hardware (MIL-STD-810F, MIL-STD 461F and ISO 9001:2015) for your own purposes. Take advantage of the hardware features of the VECTOR to develop your project and adapt it to your requirements.
  • Develop your own telemetry (TMTC/ICD) to communicate between the autopilot and the Ground Control Station.
  • Make the most of VECTOR's connectivity. Work with the API to make the most of VECTOR's connection capabilities, with no need to worry about analysing component datasheets. This allows you to concentrate on what's important: the creation of flight control rules.
  • Make the most of VECTOR's RTOS (Real Time Operating System). Execute different tasks with absolute precision and reliability. VECTOR's RTOS leads to a safer, more reliable system due to its predictability. Critical functions such us flight control tasks are prioritized to ensure flight safety.
  • Make use of the code templates provided to develop your own logic. Reduce the time dedicated to programming tasks by using examples and templates.
  • Option to contract training separately or remote support available during development.
  • Extensive I/O Capabilities. VECTOR provides the necessary I/O capabilities to integrate a wide variety of advanced payloads.


Kit Contents:

  • The VECTOR SDK includes example programs and skeleton projects offering access to all hardware functions in a C99 library with a documented API.
  • SDK documentation.
  • VECTOR Break Out Board.


Find more in the Knowledge Base.


Do you need more information?

Contact us


UAV Navigation is a privately-owned company that has specialized in the design of flight control solutions for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) since 2004. It is used by a variety of Tier 1 aerospace manufacturers in a wide range of UAV - also known as Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) or 'drones'. These include high-performance tactical unmanned planes, aerial targets, mini-UAVs and helicopters.